The ghillie suit is a piece of clothing that incorporates vegetation worn to help camouflage or conceal a person in the wilderness. The original ghillie suit was developed in the highlands of Scotland by game trackers, and has since made its way into the world of military and hunting tactics.
A ghillie suit is a very personal piece of kit because it is usually hand made by its owner. And, although you can purchase ghillie suites, a hand made suit can be tailored to the environment it needs to be used in, which a store bought suit may not be able to easily do.
The basic construction of the suit consists of a set of clothing - either a jacket and pants or a full body suit such as a military flight suit, a hat, netting of some sort - usually 2" squares, and lots and lots of burlap or jute.
The netting is attached to the back of the clothing by shoe goo, sewing, or both. It is placed only on the back due to the fact that individuals utilizing a ghillie suit will spend a large amount of time crawling on their bellies and this would quickly tear off any burlap attached in that area. The large amount of time spent crawling also means that a user will want reinforced knee and elbow pads and perhaps a reinforced abdominal area so that the clothing will not get ripped up by stones and hard earth.
Once the netting is attached, the burlap and or jute is broken down into individual fibers (so that you basically have small handfuls of string). These fibers can be dyed to help them blend in to the surrounding environment and then tied onto the netting. It is best to begin tying the fibers beginning at the bottom of the suit and working your way up, so that they will lie upon each other like shingles. Once the netting has been completely covered in fibers, step back and make sure that there are no holes in your camouflage - if there are, add more fibers.
Once you are certain that you have enough burlap or jute on the suite, make sure that the colors blend well. You want to go for a very random look but try to blend in with the vegetation on the ground as much as possible. You can use spray paint to help even out the coloration of the suit. Make sure to apply this same process of adding netting and fibers to your hat. Once completed, it will help hide your most distinguishing factor when in the wilderness - your face.
Once the suit is completed, you will want to get it dirty, get it wet and dry it out, and generally just beat it around so that it will look worn and blend with the environment well. If you plan on using it when hunting, bury it in the ground for 3 days and when you dig it up it will no longer have your scent on it. After you do this, do not take it inside your home and do not wash it or it will pick up a scent that will spook your prey.
Using these techniques will provide you with a very usable ghillie suit and allow you to blend in with your surround environment very well.You can find out more about additional skills relating to wilderness survival.